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Revision **1.12** -
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*Mon May 5 20:20:15 2014 UTC*
(3 years, 5 months ago)
by *jsr166*

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Changes since**1.11: +7 -4 lines**

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import everything to reduce diffs with guava fork

/* * Written by Doug Lea with assistance from members of JCP JSR-166 * Expert Group and released to the public domain, as explained at * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/ */ package jsr166e; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.ObjectInputStream; import java.io.ObjectOutputStream; import java.io.Serializable; /** * One or more variables that together maintain an initially zero * {@code double} sum. When updates (method {@link #add}) are * contended across threads, the set of variables may grow dynamically * to reduce contention. Method {@link #sum} (or, equivalently {@link * #doubleValue}) returns the current total combined across the * variables maintaining the sum. * * <p>This class extends {@link Number}, but does <em>not</em> define * methods such as {@code equals}, {@code hashCode} and {@code * compareTo} because instances are expected to be mutated, and so are * not useful as collection keys. * * <p><em>jsr166e note: This class is targeted to be placed in * java.util.concurrent.atomic.</em> * * @since 1.8 * @author Doug Lea */ public class DoubleAdder extends Striped64 implements Serializable { private static final long serialVersionUID = 7249069246863182397L; /** * Update function. Note that we must use "long" for underlying * representations, because there is no compareAndSet for double, * due to the fact that the bitwise equals used in any CAS * implementation is not the same as double-precision equals. * However, we use CAS only to detect and alleviate contention, * for which bitwise equals works best anyway. In principle, the * long/double conversions used here should be essentially free on * most platforms since they just re-interpret bits. * * Similar conversions are used in other methods. */ final long fn(long v, long x) { return Double.doubleToRawLongBits (Double.longBitsToDouble(v) + Double.longBitsToDouble(x)); } /** * Creates a new adder with initial sum of zero. */ public DoubleAdder() { } /** * Adds the given value. * * @param x the value to add */ public void add(double x) { Cell[] as; long b, v; int[] hc; Cell a; int n; if ((as = cells) != null || !casBase(b = base, Double.doubleToRawLongBits (Double.longBitsToDouble(b) + x))) { boolean uncontended = true; if ((hc = threadHashCode.get()) == null || as == null || (n = as.length) < 1 || (a = as[(n - 1) & hc[0]]) == null || !(uncontended = a.cas(v = a.value, Double.doubleToRawLongBits (Double.longBitsToDouble(v) + x)))) retryUpdate(Double.doubleToRawLongBits(x), hc, uncontended); } } /** * Returns the current sum. The returned value is <em>NOT</em> an * atomic snapshot; invocation in the absence of concurrent * updates returns an accurate result, but concurrent updates that * occur while the sum is being calculated might not be * incorporated. Also, because floating-point arithmetic is not * strictly associative, the returned result need not be identical * to the value that would be obtained in a sequential series of * updates to a single variable. * * @return the sum */ public double sum() { Cell[] as = cells; double sum = Double.longBitsToDouble(base); if (as != null) { int n = as.length; for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) { Cell a = as[i]; if (a != null) sum += Double.longBitsToDouble(a.value); } } return sum; } /** * Resets variables maintaining the sum to zero. This method may * be a useful alternative to creating a new adder, but is only * effective if there are no concurrent updates. Because this * method is intrinsically racy, it should only be used when it is * known that no threads are concurrently updating. */ public void reset() { internalReset(0L); } /** * Equivalent in effect to {@link #sum} followed by {@link * #reset}. This method may apply for example during quiescent * points between multithreaded computations. If there are * updates concurrent with this method, the returned value is * <em>not</em> guaranteed to be the final value occurring before * the reset. * * @return the sum */ public double sumThenReset() { Cell[] as = cells; double sum = Double.longBitsToDouble(base); base = 0L; if (as != null) { int n = as.length; for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) { Cell a = as[i]; if (a != null) { long v = a.value; a.value = 0L; sum += Double.longBitsToDouble(v); } } } return sum; } /** * Returns the String representation of the {@link #sum}. * @return the String representation of the {@link #sum} */ public String toString() { return Double.toString(sum()); } /** * Equivalent to {@link #sum}. * * @return the sum */ public double doubleValue() { return sum(); } /** * Returns the {@link #sum} as a {@code long} after a * narrowing primitive conversion. */ public long longValue() { return (long)sum(); } /** * Returns the {@link #sum} as an {@code int} after a * narrowing primitive conversion. */ public int intValue() { return (int)sum(); } /** * Returns the {@link #sum} as a {@code float} * after a narrowing primitive conversion. */ public float floatValue() { return (float)sum(); } private void writeObject(ObjectOutputStream s) throws IOException { s.defaultWriteObject(); s.writeDouble(sum()); } private void readObject(ObjectInputStream s) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException { s.defaultReadObject(); busy = 0; cells = null; base = Double.doubleToRawLongBits(s.readDouble()); } }

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