[cvs] / jsr166 / src / main / java / util / concurrent / TransferQueue.java Repository:
ViewVC logotype

View of /jsr166/src/main/java/util/concurrent/TransferQueue.java

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log


Revision 1.7 - (download) (annotate)
Sat May 6 06:49:46 2017 UTC (19 months, 1 week ago) by jsr166
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.6: +1 -1 lines
8177789: fix collections framework links to point to java.util package doc
/*
 * Written by Doug Lea with assistance from members of JCP JSR-166
 * Expert Group and released to the public domain, as explained at
 * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
 */

package java.util.concurrent;

/**
 * A {@link BlockingQueue} in which producers may wait for consumers
 * to receive elements.  A {@code TransferQueue} may be useful for
 * example in message passing applications in which producers
 * sometimes (using method {@link #transfer}) await receipt of
 * elements by consumers invoking {@code take} or {@code poll}, while
 * at other times enqueue elements (via method {@code put}) without
 * waiting for receipt.
 * {@linkplain #tryTransfer(Object) Non-blocking} and
 * {@linkplain #tryTransfer(Object,long,TimeUnit) time-out} versions of
 * {@code tryTransfer} are also available.
 * A {@code TransferQueue} may also be queried, via {@link
 * #hasWaitingConsumer}, whether there are any threads waiting for
 * items, which is a converse analogy to a {@code peek} operation.
 *
 * <p>Like other blocking queues, a {@code TransferQueue} may be
 * capacity bounded.  If so, an attempted transfer operation may
 * initially block waiting for available space, and/or subsequently
 * block waiting for reception by a consumer.  Note that in a queue
 * with zero capacity, such as {@link SynchronousQueue}, {@code put}
 * and {@code transfer} are effectively synonymous.
 *
 * <p>This interface is a member of the
 * <a href="{@docRoot}/java/util/package-summary.html#CollectionsFramework">
 * Java Collections Framework</a>.
 *
 * @since 1.7
 * @author Doug Lea
 * @param <E> the type of elements held in this queue
 */
public interface TransferQueue<E> extends BlockingQueue<E> {
    /**
     * Transfers the element to a waiting consumer immediately, if possible.
     *
     * <p>More precisely, transfers the specified element immediately
     * if there exists a consumer already waiting to receive it (in
     * {@link #take} or timed {@link #poll(long,TimeUnit) poll}),
     * otherwise returning {@code false} without enqueuing the element.
     *
     * @param e the element to transfer
     * @return {@code true} if the element was transferred, else
     *         {@code false}
     * @throws ClassCastException if the class of the specified element
     *         prevents it from being added to this queue
     * @throws NullPointerException if the specified element is null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified
     *         element prevents it from being added to this queue
     */
    boolean tryTransfer(E e);

    /**
     * Transfers the element to a consumer, waiting if necessary to do so.
     *
     * <p>More precisely, transfers the specified element immediately
     * if there exists a consumer already waiting to receive it (in
     * {@link #take} or timed {@link #poll(long,TimeUnit) poll}),
     * else waits until the element is received by a consumer.
     *
     * @param e the element to transfer
     * @throws InterruptedException if interrupted while waiting,
     *         in which case the element is not left enqueued
     * @throws ClassCastException if the class of the specified element
     *         prevents it from being added to this queue
     * @throws NullPointerException if the specified element is null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified
     *         element prevents it from being added to this queue
     */
    void transfer(E e) throws InterruptedException;

    /**
     * Transfers the element to a consumer if it is possible to do so
     * before the timeout elapses.
     *
     * <p>More precisely, transfers the specified element immediately
     * if there exists a consumer already waiting to receive it (in
     * {@link #take} or timed {@link #poll(long,TimeUnit) poll}),
     * else waits until the element is received by a consumer,
     * returning {@code false} if the specified wait time elapses
     * before the element can be transferred.
     *
     * @param e the element to transfer
     * @param timeout how long to wait before giving up, in units of
     *        {@code unit}
     * @param unit a {@code TimeUnit} determining how to interpret the
     *        {@code timeout} parameter
     * @return {@code true} if successful, or {@code false} if
     *         the specified waiting time elapses before completion,
     *         in which case the element is not left enqueued
     * @throws InterruptedException if interrupted while waiting,
     *         in which case the element is not left enqueued
     * @throws ClassCastException if the class of the specified element
     *         prevents it from being added to this queue
     * @throws NullPointerException if the specified element is null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if some property of the specified
     *         element prevents it from being added to this queue
     */
    boolean tryTransfer(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
        throws InterruptedException;

    /**
     * Returns {@code true} if there is at least one consumer waiting
     * to receive an element via {@link #take} or
     * timed {@link #poll(long,TimeUnit) poll}.
     * The return value represents a momentary state of affairs.
     *
     * @return {@code true} if there is at least one waiting consumer
     */
    boolean hasWaitingConsumer();

    /**
     * Returns an estimate of the number of consumers waiting to
     * receive elements via {@link #take} or timed
     * {@link #poll(long,TimeUnit) poll}.  The return value is an
     * approximation of a momentary state of affairs, that may be
     * inaccurate if consumers have completed or given up waiting.
     * The value may be useful for monitoring and heuristics, but
     * not for synchronization control.  Implementations of this
     * method are likely to be noticeably slower than those for
     * {@link #hasWaitingConsumer}.
     *
     * @return the number of consumers waiting to receive elements
     */
    int getWaitingConsumerCount();
}

Doug Lea
ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.0.8