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Revision 1.51 - (download) (annotate)
Tue Oct 25 01:32:55 2016 UTC (13 months, 2 weeks ago) by jsr166
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.50: +0 -76 lines
fix 4jdk7-test ant target
/*
 * Written by Doug Lea and Martin Buchholz with assistance from
 * members of JCP JSR-166 Expert Group and released to the public
 * domain, as explained at
 * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
 */

import java.util.ArrayDeque;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Deque;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
import java.util.Queue;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.concurrent.ThreadLocalRandom;

import junit.framework.Test;
import junit.framework.TestSuite;

public class ArrayDequeTest extends JSR166TestCase {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        main(suite(), args);
    }

    public static Test suite() {
        class Implementation implements CollectionImplementation {
            public Class<?> klazz() { return ArrayDeque.class; }
            public Collection emptyCollection() { return populatedDeque(0); }
            public Object makeElement(int i) { return i; }
            public boolean isConcurrent() { return false; }
            public boolean permitsNulls() { return false; }
        }
        return newTestSuite(ArrayDequeTest.class,
                            CollectionTest.testSuite(new Implementation()));
    }

    /**
     * Returns a new deque of given size containing consecutive
     * Integers 0 ... n - 1.
     */
    private static ArrayDeque<Integer> populatedDeque(int n) {
        // Randomize various aspects of memory layout, including
        // filled-to-capacity and wraparound.
        final ArrayDeque<Integer> q;
        ThreadLocalRandom rnd = ThreadLocalRandom.current();
        switch (rnd.nextInt(6)) {
        case 0: q = new ArrayDeque<Integer>();      break;
        case 1: q = new ArrayDeque<Integer>(0);     break;
        case 2: q = new ArrayDeque<Integer>(1);     break;
        case 3: q = new ArrayDeque<Integer>(Math.max(0, n - 1)); break;
        case 4: q = new ArrayDeque<Integer>(n);     break;
        case 5: q = new ArrayDeque<Integer>(n + 1); break;
        default: throw new AssertionError();
        }
        switch (rnd.nextInt(3)) {
        case 0:
            q.addFirst(42);
            assertEquals((Integer) 42, q.removeLast());
            break;
        case 1:
            q.addLast(42);
            assertEquals((Integer) 42, q.removeFirst());
            break;
        case 2: /* do nothing */ break;
        default: throw new AssertionError();
        }
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        if (rnd.nextBoolean())
            for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
                assertTrue(q.offerLast((Integer) i));
        else
            for (int i = n; --i >= 0; )
                q.addFirst((Integer) i);
        assertEquals(n, q.size());
        if (n > 0) {
            assertFalse(q.isEmpty());
            assertEquals((Integer) 0, q.peekFirst());
            assertEquals((Integer) (n - 1), q.peekLast());
        }
        return q;
    }

    /**
     * new deque is empty
     */
    public void testConstructor1() {
        assertEquals(0, new ArrayDeque().size());
    }

    /**
     * Initializing from null Collection throws NPE
     */
    public void testConstructor3() {
        try {
            new ArrayDeque((Collection)null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * Initializing from Collection of null elements throws NPE
     */
    public void testConstructor4() {
        try {
            new ArrayDeque(Arrays.asList(new Integer[SIZE]));
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * Initializing from Collection with some null elements throws NPE
     */
    public void testConstructor5() {
        Integer[] ints = new Integer[SIZE];
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE - 1; ++i)
            ints[i] = new Integer(i);
        try {
            new ArrayDeque(Arrays.asList(ints));
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * Deque contains all elements of collection used to initialize
     */
    public void testConstructor6() {
        Integer[] ints = new Integer[SIZE];
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i)
            ints[i] = new Integer(i);
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque(Arrays.asList(ints));
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i)
            assertEquals(ints[i], q.pollFirst());
    }

    /**
     * isEmpty is true before add, false after
     */
    public void testEmpty() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        q.add(new Integer(1));
        assertFalse(q.isEmpty());
        q.add(new Integer(2));
        q.removeFirst();
        q.removeFirst();
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
    }

    /**
     * size changes when elements added and removed
     */
    public void testSize() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(SIZE - i, q.size());
            q.removeFirst();
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.size());
            q.add(new Integer(i));
        }
    }

    /**
     * push(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testPushNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque(1);
        try {
            q.push(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * peekFirst() returns element inserted with push
     */
    public void testPush() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(3);
        q.pollLast();
        q.push(four);
        assertSame(four, q.peekFirst());
    }

    /**
     * pop() removes next element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testPop() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.pop());
        }
        try {
            q.pop();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * offer(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testOfferNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.offer(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * offerFirst(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testOfferFirstNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.offerFirst(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * offerLast(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testOfferLastNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.offerLast(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * offer(x) succeeds
     */
    public void testOffer() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertTrue(q.offer(zero));
        assertTrue(q.offer(one));
        assertSame(zero, q.peekFirst());
        assertSame(one, q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * offerFirst(x) succeeds
     */
    public void testOfferFirst() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertTrue(q.offerFirst(zero));
        assertTrue(q.offerFirst(one));
        assertSame(one, q.peekFirst());
        assertSame(zero, q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * offerLast(x) succeeds
     */
    public void testOfferLast() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertTrue(q.offerLast(zero));
        assertTrue(q.offerLast(one));
        assertSame(zero, q.peekFirst());
        assertSame(one, q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * add(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testAddNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.add(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * addFirst(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testAddFirstNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.addFirst(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * addLast(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testAddLastNull() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.addLast(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * add(x) succeeds
     */
    public void testAdd() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertTrue(q.add(zero));
        assertTrue(q.add(one));
        assertSame(zero, q.peekFirst());
        assertSame(one, q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * addFirst(x) succeeds
     */
    public void testAddFirst() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        q.addFirst(zero);
        q.addFirst(one);
        assertSame(one, q.peekFirst());
        assertSame(zero, q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * addLast(x) succeeds
     */
    public void testAddLast() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        q.addLast(zero);
        q.addLast(one);
        assertSame(zero, q.peekFirst());
        assertSame(one, q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * addAll(null) throws NPE
     */
    public void testAddAll1() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.addAll(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * addAll of a collection with null elements throws NPE
     */
    public void testAddAll2() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        try {
            q.addAll(Arrays.asList(new Integer[SIZE]));
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * addAll of a collection with any null elements throws NPE after
     * possibly adding some elements
     */
    public void testAddAll3() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        Integer[] ints = new Integer[SIZE];
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE - 1; ++i)
            ints[i] = new Integer(i);
        try {
            q.addAll(Arrays.asList(ints));
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * Deque contains all elements, in traversal order, of successful addAll
     */
    public void testAddAll5() {
        Integer[] empty = new Integer[0];
        Integer[] ints = new Integer[SIZE];
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i)
            ints[i] = new Integer(i);
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertFalse(q.addAll(Arrays.asList(empty)));
        assertTrue(q.addAll(Arrays.asList(ints)));
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i)
            assertEquals(ints[i], q.pollFirst());
    }

    /**
     * pollFirst() succeeds unless empty
     */
    public void testPollFirst() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.pollFirst());
        }
        assertNull(q.pollFirst());
    }

    /**
     * pollLast() succeeds unless empty
     */
    public void testPollLast() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = SIZE - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.pollLast());
        }
        assertNull(q.pollLast());
    }

    /**
     * poll() succeeds unless empty
     */
    public void testPoll() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.poll());
        }
        assertNull(q.poll());
    }

    /**
     * remove() removes next element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testRemove() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.remove());
        }
        try {
            q.remove();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * remove(x) removes x and returns true if present
     */
    public void testRemoveElement() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 1; i < SIZE; i += 2) {
            assertTrue(q.contains(i));
            assertTrue(q.remove(i));
            assertFalse(q.contains(i));
            assertTrue(q.contains(i - 1));
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i += 2) {
            assertTrue(q.contains(i));
            assertTrue(q.remove(i));
            assertFalse(q.contains(i));
            assertFalse(q.remove(i + 1));
            assertFalse(q.contains(i + 1));
        }
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
    }

    /**
     * peekFirst() returns next element, or null if empty
     */
    public void testPeekFirst() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.peekFirst());
            assertEquals(i, q.pollFirst());
            assertTrue(q.peekFirst() == null ||
                       !q.peekFirst().equals(i));
        }
        assertNull(q.peekFirst());
    }

    /**
     * peek() returns next element, or null if empty
     */
    public void testPeek() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.peek());
            assertEquals(i, q.poll());
            assertTrue(q.peek() == null ||
                       !q.peek().equals(i));
        }
        assertNull(q.peek());
    }

    /**
     * peekLast() returns next element, or null if empty
     */
    public void testPeekLast() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = SIZE - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.peekLast());
            assertEquals(i, q.pollLast());
            assertTrue(q.peekLast() == null ||
                       !q.peekLast().equals(i));
        }
        assertNull(q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * element() returns first element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testElement() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.element());
            assertEquals(i, q.poll());
        }
        try {
            q.element();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * getFirst() returns first element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testFirstElement() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.getFirst());
            assertEquals(i, q.pollFirst());
        }
        try {
            q.getFirst();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * getLast() returns last element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testLastElement() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = SIZE - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.getLast());
            assertEquals(i, q.pollLast());
        }
        try {
            q.getLast();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
        assertNull(q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * removeFirst() removes first element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testRemoveFirst() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.removeFirst());
        }
        try {
            q.removeFirst();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
        assertNull(q.peekFirst());
    }

    /**
     * removeLast() removes last element, or throws NSEE if empty
     */
    public void testRemoveLast() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = SIZE - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            assertEquals(i, q.removeLast());
        }
        try {
            q.removeLast();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
        assertNull(q.peekLast());
    }

    /**
     * removeFirstOccurrence(x) removes x and returns true if present
     */
    public void testRemoveFirstOccurrence() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(null));
        for (int i = 1; i < SIZE; i += 2) {
            assertTrue(q.removeFirstOccurrence(new Integer(i)));
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i += 2) {
            assertTrue(q.removeFirstOccurrence(new Integer(i)));
            assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(new Integer(i + 1)));
        }
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(null));
        assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(42));
        q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(null));
        assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(42));
    }

    /**
     * removeLastOccurrence(x) removes x and returns true if present
     */
    public void testRemoveLastOccurrence() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(null));
        for (int i = 1; i < SIZE; i += 2) {
            assertTrue(q.removeLastOccurrence(new Integer(i)));
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i += 2) {
            assertTrue(q.removeLastOccurrence(new Integer(i)));
            assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(new Integer(i + 1)));
        }
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(null));
        assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(42));
        q = new ArrayDeque();
        assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(null));
        assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(42));
    }

    /**
     * contains(x) reports true when elements added but not yet removed
     */
    public void testContains() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertTrue(q.contains(new Integer(i)));
            assertEquals(i, q.pollFirst());
            assertFalse(q.contains(new Integer(i)));
        }
    }

    /**
     * clear removes all elements
     */
    public void testClear() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        q.clear();
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        assertEquals(0, q.size());
        assertTrue(q.add(new Integer(1)));
        assertFalse(q.isEmpty());
        q.clear();
        assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
    }

    /**
     * containsAll(c) is true when c contains a subset of elements
     */
    public void testContainsAll() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        ArrayDeque p = new ArrayDeque();
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertTrue(q.containsAll(p));
            assertFalse(p.containsAll(q));
            assertTrue(p.add(new Integer(i)));
        }
        assertTrue(p.containsAll(q));
    }

    /**
     * retainAll(c) retains only those elements of c and reports true if changed
     */
    public void testRetainAll() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        ArrayDeque p = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            boolean changed = q.retainAll(p);
            assertEquals(changed, (i > 0));
            assertTrue(q.containsAll(p));
            assertEquals(SIZE - i, q.size());
            p.removeFirst();
        }
    }

    /**
     * removeAll(c) removes only those elements of c and reports true if changed
     */
    public void testRemoveAll() {
        for (int i = 1; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
            ArrayDeque p = populatedDeque(i);
            assertTrue(q.removeAll(p));
            assertEquals(SIZE - i, q.size());
            for (int j = 0; j < i; ++j) {
                assertFalse(q.contains(p.removeFirst()));
            }
        }
    }

    void checkToArray(ArrayDeque q) {
        int size = q.size();
        Object[] o = q.toArray();
        assertEquals(size, o.length);
        Iterator it = q.iterator();
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            Integer x = (Integer) it.next();
            assertEquals((Integer)o[0] + i, (int) x);
            assertSame(o[i], x);
        }
    }

    /**
     * toArray() contains all elements in FIFO order
     */
    public void testToArray() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
            checkToArray(q);
            q.addLast(i);
        }
        // Provoke wraparound
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
            checkToArray(q);
            assertEquals(i, q.poll());
            q.addLast(SIZE + i);
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
            checkToArray(q);
            assertEquals(SIZE + i, q.poll());
        }
    }

    void checkToArray2(ArrayDeque q) {
        int size = q.size();
        Integer[] a1 = (size == 0) ? null : new Integer[size - 1];
        Integer[] a2 = new Integer[size];
        Integer[] a3 = new Integer[size + 2];
        if (size > 0) Arrays.fill(a1, 42);
        Arrays.fill(a2, 42);
        Arrays.fill(a3, 42);
        Integer[] b1 = (size == 0) ? null : (Integer[]) q.toArray(a1);
        Integer[] b2 = (Integer[]) q.toArray(a2);
        Integer[] b3 = (Integer[]) q.toArray(a3);
        assertSame(a2, b2);
        assertSame(a3, b3);
        Iterator it = q.iterator();
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            Integer x = (Integer) it.next();
            assertSame(b1[i], x);
            assertEquals(b1[0] + i, (int) x);
            assertSame(b2[i], x);
            assertSame(b3[i], x);
        }
        assertNull(a3[size]);
        assertEquals(42, (int) a3[size + 1]);
        if (size > 0) {
            assertNotSame(a1, b1);
            assertEquals(size, b1.length);
            for (int i = 0; i < a1.length; i++) {
                assertEquals(42, (int) a1[i]);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * toArray(a) contains all elements in FIFO order
     */
    public void testToArray2() {
        ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
            checkToArray2(q);
            q.addLast(i);
        }
        // Provoke wraparound
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
            checkToArray2(q);
            assertEquals(i, q.poll());
            q.addLast(SIZE + i);
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; i++) {
            checkToArray2(q);
            assertEquals(SIZE + i, q.poll());
        }
    }

    /**
     * toArray(null) throws NullPointerException
     */
    public void testToArray_NullArg() {
        ArrayDeque l = new ArrayDeque();
        l.add(new Object());
        try {
            l.toArray(null);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NullPointerException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * toArray(incompatible array type) throws ArrayStoreException
     */
    public void testToArray1_BadArg() {
        ArrayDeque l = new ArrayDeque();
        l.add(new Integer(5));
        try {
            l.toArray(new String[10]);
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (ArrayStoreException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * Iterator iterates through all elements
     */
    public void testIterator() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        Iterator it = q.iterator();
        int i;
        for (i = 0; it.hasNext(); i++)
            assertTrue(q.contains(it.next()));
        assertEquals(i, SIZE);
        assertIteratorExhausted(it);
    }

    /**
     * iterator of empty collection has no elements
     */
    public void testEmptyIterator() {
        Deque c = new ArrayDeque();
        assertIteratorExhausted(c.iterator());
        assertIteratorExhausted(c.descendingIterator());
    }

    /**
     * Iterator ordering is FIFO
     */
    public void testIteratorOrdering() {
        final ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        q.add(one);
        q.add(two);
        q.add(three);
        int k = 0;
        for (Iterator it = q.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
            assertEquals(++k, it.next());
        }

        assertEquals(3, k);
    }

    /**
     * iterator.remove() removes current element
     */
    public void testIteratorRemove() {
        final ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        final Random rng = new Random();
        for (int iters = 0; iters < 100; ++iters) {
            int max = rng.nextInt(5) + 2;
            int split = rng.nextInt(max - 1) + 1;
            for (int j = 1; j <= max; ++j)
                q.add(new Integer(j));
            Iterator it = q.iterator();
            for (int j = 1; j <= split; ++j)
                assertEquals(it.next(), new Integer(j));
            it.remove();
            assertEquals(it.next(), new Integer(split + 1));
            for (int j = 1; j <= split; ++j)
                q.remove(new Integer(j));
            it = q.iterator();
            for (int j = split + 1; j <= max; ++j) {
                assertEquals(it.next(), new Integer(j));
                it.remove();
            }
            assertFalse(it.hasNext());
            assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Descending iterator iterates through all elements
     */
    public void testDescendingIterator() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        int i = 0;
        Iterator it = q.descendingIterator();
        while (it.hasNext()) {
            assertTrue(q.contains(it.next()));
            ++i;
        }
        assertEquals(i, SIZE);
        assertFalse(it.hasNext());
        try {
            it.next();
            shouldThrow();
        } catch (NoSuchElementException success) {}
    }

    /**
     * Descending iterator ordering is reverse FIFO
     */
    public void testDescendingIteratorOrdering() {
        final ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        for (int iters = 0; iters < 100; ++iters) {
            q.add(new Integer(3));
            q.add(new Integer(2));
            q.add(new Integer(1));
            int k = 0;
            for (Iterator it = q.descendingIterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                assertEquals(++k, it.next());
            }

            assertEquals(3, k);
            q.remove();
            q.remove();
            q.remove();
        }
    }

    /**
     * descendingIterator.remove() removes current element
     */
    public void testDescendingIteratorRemove() {
        final ArrayDeque q = new ArrayDeque();
        final Random rng = new Random();
        for (int iters = 0; iters < 100; ++iters) {
            int max = rng.nextInt(5) + 2;
            int split = rng.nextInt(max - 1) + 1;
            for (int j = max; j >= 1; --j)
                q.add(new Integer(j));
            Iterator it = q.descendingIterator();
            for (int j = 1; j <= split; ++j)
                assertEquals(it.next(), new Integer(j));
            it.remove();
            assertEquals(it.next(), new Integer(split + 1));
            for (int j = 1; j <= split; ++j)
                q.remove(new Integer(j));
            it = q.descendingIterator();
            for (int j = split + 1; j <= max; ++j) {
                assertEquals(it.next(), new Integer(j));
                it.remove();
            }
            assertFalse(it.hasNext());
            assertTrue(q.isEmpty());
        }
    }

    /**
     * toString() contains toStrings of elements
     */
    public void testToString() {
        ArrayDeque q = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        String s = q.toString();
        for (int i = 0; i < SIZE; ++i) {
            assertTrue(s.contains(String.valueOf(i)));
        }
    }

    /**
     * A deserialized serialized deque has same elements in same order
     */
    public void testSerialization() throws Exception {
        Queue x = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        Queue y = serialClone(x);

        assertNotSame(y, x);
        assertEquals(x.size(), y.size());
        assertEquals(x.toString(), y.toString());
        assertTrue(Arrays.equals(x.toArray(), y.toArray()));
        while (!x.isEmpty()) {
            assertFalse(y.isEmpty());
            assertEquals(x.remove(), y.remove());
        }
        assertTrue(y.isEmpty());
    }

    /**
     * A cloned deque has same elements in same order
     */
    public void testClone() throws Exception {
        ArrayDeque<Integer> x = populatedDeque(SIZE);
        ArrayDeque<Integer> y = x.clone();

        assertNotSame(y, x);
        assertEquals(x.size(), y.size());
        assertEquals(x.toString(), y.toString());
        assertTrue(Arrays.equals(x.toArray(), y.toArray()));
        while (!x.isEmpty()) {
            assertFalse(y.isEmpty());
            assertEquals(x.remove(), y.remove());
        }
        assertTrue(y.isEmpty());
    }

    /**
     * remove(null), contains(null) always return false
     */
    public void testNeverContainsNull() {
        Deque<?>[] qs = {
            new ArrayDeque<Object>(),
            populatedDeque(2),
        };

        for (Deque<?> q : qs) {
            assertFalse(q.contains(null));
            assertFalse(q.remove(null));
            assertFalse(q.removeFirstOccurrence(null));
            assertFalse(q.removeLastOccurrence(null));
        }
    }

}

Doug Lea
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