Module java.base

Class AtomicLongFieldUpdater<T>

  • Type Parameters:
    T - The type of the object holding the updatable field


    public abstract class AtomicLongFieldUpdater<T>
    extends Object
    A reflection-based utility that enables atomic updates to designated volatile long fields of designated classes. This class is designed for use in atomic data structures in which several fields of the same node are independently subject to atomic updates.

    Note that the guarantees of the compareAndSet method in this class are weaker than in other atomic classes. Because this class cannot ensure that all uses of the field are appropriate for purposes of atomic access, it can guarantee atomicity only with respect to other invocations of compareAndSet and set on the same updater.

    Object arguments for parameters of type T that are not instances of the class passed to newUpdater(java.lang.Class<U>, java.lang.String) will result in a ClassCastException being thrown.

    Since:
    1.5
    Author:
    Doug Lea
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Modifier Constructor Description
      protected AtomicLongFieldUpdater​()
      Protected do-nothing constructor for use by subclasses.
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Static Methods Instance Methods Abstract Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method Description
      long accumulateAndGet​(T obj, long x, LongBinaryOperator accumulatorFunction)
      Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function to the current and given values, returning the updated value.
      long addAndGet​(T obj, long delta)
      Atomically adds the given value to the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      abstract boolean compareAndSet​(T obj, long expect, long update)
      Atomically sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value if the current value == the expected value.
      long decrementAndGet​(T obj)
      Atomically decrements by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      abstract long get​(T obj)
      Returns the current value held in the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      long getAndAccumulate​(T obj, long x, LongBinaryOperator accumulatorFunction)
      Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function to the current and given values, returning the previous value.
      long getAndAdd​(T obj, long delta)
      Atomically adds the given value to the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      long getAndDecrement​(T obj)
      Atomically decrements by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      long getAndIncrement​(T obj)
      Atomically increments by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      long getAndSet​(T obj, long newValue)
      Atomically sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given value and returns the old value.
      long getAndUpdate​(T obj, LongUnaryOperator updateFunction)
      Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function, returning the previous value.
      long incrementAndGet​(T obj)
      Atomically increments by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
      abstract void lazySet​(T obj, long newValue)
      Eventually sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value.
      static <U> AtomicLongFieldUpdater<U> newUpdater​(Class<U> tclass, String fieldName)
      Creates and returns an updater for objects with the given field.
      abstract void set​(T obj, long newValue)
      Sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value.
      long updateAndGet​(T obj, LongUnaryOperator updateFunction)
      Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function, returning the updated value.
      abstract boolean weakCompareAndSet​(T obj, long expect, long update)
      Atomically sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value if the current value == the expected value.
    • Constructor Detail

      • AtomicLongFieldUpdater

        protected AtomicLongFieldUpdater​()
        Protected do-nothing constructor for use by subclasses.
    • Method Detail

      • newUpdater

        public static <U> AtomicLongFieldUpdater<U> newUpdater​(Class<U> tclass,
                                                               String fieldName)
        Creates and returns an updater for objects with the given field. The Class argument is needed to check that reflective types and generic types match.
        Type Parameters:
        U - the type of instances of tclass
        Parameters:
        tclass - the class of the objects holding the field
        fieldName - the name of the field to be updated
        Returns:
        the updater
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the field is not a volatile long type
        RuntimeException - with a nested reflection-based exception if the class does not hold field or is the wrong type, or the field is inaccessible to the caller according to Java language access control
      • compareAndSet

        public abstract boolean compareAndSet​(T obj,
                                              long expect,
                                              long update)
        Atomically sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value if the current value == the expected value. This method is guaranteed to be atomic with respect to other calls to compareAndSet and set, but not necessarily with respect to other changes in the field.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to conditionally set
        expect - the expected value
        update - the new value
        Returns:
        true if successful
      • weakCompareAndSet

        public abstract boolean weakCompareAndSet​(T obj,
                                                  long expect,
                                                  long update)
        Atomically sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value if the current value == the expected value. This method is guaranteed to be atomic with respect to other calls to compareAndSet and set, but not necessarily with respect to other changes in the field.

        May fail spuriously and does not provide ordering guarantees, so is only rarely an appropriate alternative to compareAndSet.

        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to conditionally set
        expect - the expected value
        update - the new value
        Returns:
        true if successful
      • set

        public abstract void set​(T obj,
                                 long newValue)
        Sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value. This operation is guaranteed to act as a volatile store with respect to subsequent invocations of compareAndSet.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to set
        newValue - the new value
      • lazySet

        public abstract void lazySet​(T obj,
                                     long newValue)
        Eventually sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given updated value.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to set
        newValue - the new value
        Since:
        1.6
      • get

        public abstract long get​(T obj)
        Returns the current value held in the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get
        Returns:
        the current value
      • getAndSet

        public long getAndSet​(T obj,
                              long newValue)
        Atomically sets the field of the given object managed by this updater to the given value and returns the old value.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        newValue - the new value
        Returns:
        the previous value
      • getAndIncrement

        public long getAndIncrement​(T obj)
        Atomically increments by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        Returns:
        the previous value
      • getAndDecrement

        public long getAndDecrement​(T obj)
        Atomically decrements by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        Returns:
        the previous value
      • getAndAdd

        public long getAndAdd​(T obj,
                              long delta)
        Atomically adds the given value to the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        delta - the value to add
        Returns:
        the previous value
      • incrementAndGet

        public long incrementAndGet​(T obj)
        Atomically increments by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        Returns:
        the updated value
      • decrementAndGet

        public long decrementAndGet​(T obj)
        Atomically decrements by one the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        Returns:
        the updated value
      • addAndGet

        public long addAndGet​(T obj,
                              long delta)
        Atomically adds the given value to the current value of the field of the given object managed by this updater.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        delta - the value to add
        Returns:
        the updated value
      • getAndUpdate

        public final long getAndUpdate​(T obj,
                                       LongUnaryOperator updateFunction)
        Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function, returning the previous value. The function should be side-effect-free, since it may be re-applied when attempted updates fail due to contention among threads.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        updateFunction - a side-effect-free function
        Returns:
        the previous value
        Since:
        1.8
      • updateAndGet

        public final long updateAndGet​(T obj,
                                       LongUnaryOperator updateFunction)
        Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function, returning the updated value. The function should be side-effect-free, since it may be re-applied when attempted updates fail due to contention among threads.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        updateFunction - a side-effect-free function
        Returns:
        the updated value
        Since:
        1.8
      • getAndAccumulate

        public final long getAndAccumulate​(T obj,
                                           long x,
                                           LongBinaryOperator accumulatorFunction)
        Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function to the current and given values, returning the previous value. The function should be side-effect-free, since it may be re-applied when attempted updates fail due to contention among threads. The function is applied with the current value as its first argument, and the given update as the second argument.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        x - the update value
        accumulatorFunction - a side-effect-free function of two arguments
        Returns:
        the previous value
        Since:
        1.8
      • accumulateAndGet

        public final long accumulateAndGet​(T obj,
                                           long x,
                                           LongBinaryOperator accumulatorFunction)
        Atomically updates (with memory effects as specified by VarHandle.compareAndSet(java.lang.Object...)) the field of the given object managed by this updater with the results of applying the given function to the current and given values, returning the updated value. The function should be side-effect-free, since it may be re-applied when attempted updates fail due to contention among threads. The function is applied with the current value as its first argument, and the given update as the second argument.
        Parameters:
        obj - An object whose field to get and set
        x - the update value
        accumulatorFunction - a side-effect-free function of two arguments
        Returns:
        the updated value
        Since:
        1.8